Dr. Alan Grant is partially based on Dr. Jack Horner, the
real world paleontologist.
The sounds of the jungle of Isla Nublar
fade in while the Universal Pictures logo is still on the
We fade in on Isla Nublar...this is Spanish for Cloud
The thrashing of the jungle trees in the opening scene of
the movie is meant to make audience members think a dinosaur
is about to come stomping through...but it turns out to be
just a tractor arm carrying a cage holding a Velociraptor,
whom we barely see. This is the kind of scene Spielberg
loves to do, where he tricks the audience into expecting one
thing but he delivers another.
As the raptor pulls the hapless gatekeeper into her cage,
there's a nice split-second shot, barely noticeable, of the
raptor's eye and Muldoon's eye as he tries to save the
We are first introduced to lawyer Donald Gennaro as he
arrives at the Mano de Dios amber mine in the Dominican
Republic. Mano de Dios is Spanish for Hand of God. Perhaps a
foreshadowing of the attempt by human scientists to play God
by creating (prehistoric) life?
It's amusing that at 4:42 on the DVD, the foreman at the
mining site tells Gennaro to watch his head about two
seconds after he hits it on a beam in the mine!
Dr. Alan Grant's fossil dig is said to be in the Badlands
near Snakewater, Montana. Although Montana does have
Badlands territory, there is no place known as Snakewater.
At 5:52 on the DVD, there is a carton of Reynold's Wrap
Aluminum Foil in the upper right corner of the screen. I
guess the paleontologists must use it to wrap the fossils in
when they're dug up.
When Grant says he hates computers, Dr. Ellie Sattler
replies, "The feeling's mutual." She doesn't mean she also
hates computers, but that computers also hate him.
At 6:39 on the DVD, we can see that a makeshift cardboard
shield has been placed around the computer monitor to keep
the sunlight off the surface of the screen.
The dinosaur skeleton found underground at the Snakewater
site is said to be a Velociraptor. However,
Velociraptor species were native to the
regions of Mongolia and China in their time, not the North
American continent. Again, Deinonychus is the more
likely candidate seen here.
There is a blond-haired girl at the Montana dig site dressed
in a reddish plaid shirt and jeans. Perhaps an homage to
Holly Marshall of Land of the Lost, also a blond-haired girl
in reddish plaid shirt and jeans?
As Dr. Grant demonstrates to the obnoxious boy how a raptor
would kill him, he slashes the petrified raptor claw first across the boy's chest, then groin, then belly.
As Grant enters the trailer at the Montana dig site at 10:15
on the DVD, we see the expected fossil fragments, dinosaur
toys, and posters...and what might be a fly swatter made out
of a thong sandal on the right hand side of the screen!
(These are actually available at various stores around the country.)
At 10:25 on the DVD, there is a newspaper clipping hanging
on the refrigerator that says "Space Probe Finds Dinosaurs
on Mars". This is a headline from the Weekly World News
which was published from 1979-2007 and now features its
stories on a website,
weeklyworldnews.com. It features mostly satirical,
non-real news stories.
Weekly World News headline on the fridge is visible
at 11:26 on the DVD, "Space Aliens Stole My Face". At 12:27
we see another pinned to the wall, partially obscured, "Dinosaurs on Mars!"
At 13:27 on the DVD, in the background, the taxi driver makes a rude gesture
toward Dodgson, presumably for failing to tip!
Nedry and Dodgson's meeting place is described in the
subtitle as being in San Jose, Costa Rica. But a beach and
ocean shoreline are visible behind Nedry and San Jose is not
located on the coast!
Dr. Grant's struggle with the seatbelt on the InGen
helicopter demonstrates both his adversarial relationship
with mechanical devices and his ingenuity in working around
them (he ties the two ends of the seat belt around his waist
when he can't get them buckled).
Chaos theory, espoused by Dr. Ian Malcolm, is an actual field of
study in mathematics, physics, and other areas of science.
Hammond somehow appears to have swapped seats with Grant by
the time the helicopter lands; he was seated at the far left
for the interior shots but has moved to the far right seat
when the copter lands and the passengers disembark.
The gas-powered Jeeps used in Jurassic Park are 1993
Gennaro seems to mix up his words and phrases frequently. At
19:24 on the DVD, while explaining
his need to report to the
investors on the current inspection of the island, he says, "In 48 hours if they're not convinced, I'm
not convinced." Shouldn't that be the other way around?
Flubs of Jurassic Park web page, Wesley Treat
argues that Gennaro is referring to the scientists when he
says "if they're not convinced", making Gennaro's
statement accurate). At
27:24, during the tour in the Visitor Center, he asks if the
scientists seen working in the lab are "autoerotica". He
means "animatronic"! At 37:54, Hammond remarks in
exasperation at the scientists' reactions that "the only one
I've got on my side is the blood-sucking lawyer" to which
Gennaro responds, "Thank you," in all sincerity!
At 19:47 on the DVD, as the Jeep slows to a halt, Ellie is
holding a large leaf which she is inspecting. Where did she
get it? She didn't have it when the ride started. There must
have been a scene cut in which she grabs it from the
roadside either at a brief stop or while the vehicle was
moving. She comments that it "shouldn't be here" and that
the plant species has been extinct since the Cretaceous
period. Presumably, InGen has also managed to resurrect
some prehistoric plants along with the dinosaurs. (The movie
trailer shows a scene of Ellie grabbing the leaf from a bush
as the Jeep speeds down the dirt road.) In the novel, it is
acknowledged that InGen has cloned a number of extinct plant
species from the time of the dinosaurs.
Notice that the door of the Jurassic Park Visitor Center is
designed with the impression of an egg shape. And even the
door handles form an oval!
While Hammond is treating his guests
to lunch, there are various projector images of the park and its
environs and background flashing on
the walls around them. At 35:09 on
the DVD, there is an image of the
Visitor Center under construction;
this appears to be a legitimate
still of the Visitor Center exterior
being constructed by the film crew.
At 35:59 there is an image of a man
holding out the front of his necktie
which appears to have the pattern of
a DNA helix printed on it! At 36:02,
a slide is partially obscured by
Malcolm's head so we can't see the
whole thing; it shows some red
flowers and the word "Jurassic Tenn--",
the rest of the word is cut off; I
can't figure out what the "Tenn--"
could stand for in Jurassic terms!
Maybe it's saying there are tennis
courts available at the resort! At
37:06 there is a slide that seems to
be promoting plans for a Jurassic
Jurassic Park Europe|
At 38:14 on the DVD, Hammond's grandchildren, Tim and Lex,
show up, running and shouting, and Sam Neill's reaction in
the background is great as Grant suddenly freezes in
mid-step on the stairway and Eliie turns to look at him with
a bright smile that suddenly turns to a frown as she sees
his reaction. Classic.
Tim is clutching a book as he regales Grant with questions and
comments about dinosaurs. A young correspondent in the
Jurassic Page of
The Lost World #2 (the four-issue mini-series
adaptation of the JP sequel film), claims that the book is
Digging Dinosaurs by Jack Horner; the title of
Tim's book can't be made out on the screen, but it does not
quite look like any of the three cover designs I've been
able to track down of this book.
Tim tells Grant that he read a book by a guy named Bakker,
who definitely doesn't think that dinosaurs evolved into
birds. Presumably, Tim is talking about real world
paleontologist Robert Bakker; but Bakker does
accept the theory that birds evolved from dinosaurs. Perhaps
Tim was actually referring to Professor Backer,
whom we first meet in "Redemption" Part 1, and who
is a satirical representation of Robert Bakker; however the
JP movie script does spell it "Bakker", suggesting he is
referring to the real world paleontologist, not a fictional
The giant gate entrance to Jurassic Park proper is
reminiscent of the giant gate on Skull Island beyond which
lies the territory of Kong in the 1933 film classic King
Kong. In fact, Malcolm even remarks on it as they drive
through the gate:
What've they got in there..?
Hammond comments that the voice describing the dinosaur
areas through which the tour is passing is that of Richard
Kiley. Kiley's voice is known from the many narrations he
has done of film and television documentaries.
As the tour drives by the Dilophosaurus paddock, at
42:19 on the DVD we see a sign hanging on the electrified
fencing, "Caution, Keep Windows Up!". Presumably the window
warning is due to the Dilophosaurs' ability (as depicted in
JP) to spit venom!
There is no real world evidence that
Dilophosaurus had an inflating neck fringe and
ability to spit poisonous venom, but it is logical to assume
that if dinosaurs could be resurrected in the modern world,
we would learn things about many of them we'd never
At 46:24 on the DVD, the vehicle windows are suddenly damp
with rain drops even though the rain hasn't started yet! And
the moisture disappears in the next scene.
Throughout the film we see that Dennis Nedry's work area is
filthy, with food wrappers and trash lying all about the
desk and floor!
I think young Lex may have a slight crush on Dr. Grant.
Notice how she plays with her hair when she first talks to
him about riding in his car and how she continues to hold
his hand after she trips and he helps her up. In fact, was
the stumble faked in order to attract his physical
attention? And for Tim's part, he has a case of hero-worship
for Dr. Grant. So that leaves the child-resistant doc in
somewhat of a bind! (The book The Making of Jurassic
Park confirms that screenwriter David Koepp added the
girl's crush on Grant as a deliberate character point.)
During the tour, Ellie assists the park veterinarian in
investigating the recurring ailment that is striking the
Triceratops, even staying behind on site while Grant and the
others continue on in the automated vehicles. But then we
never learn of the diagnosis or conclusions reached by her
and the team! The resolution was cut from the
film, but it is explained in the novel and comic book that the
was ingesting the large, brown berries of the West Indian
Lilac plant growing on the island as if they were stones,
which are intended to help grind down plant material in the
gizzard, just like birds do. But West Indian Lilac is
poisonous, so, even though the creature was not eating the plant per
se, the ingested pods were still releasing poison into her
Although it's never explicitly stated in the films or
novels, the park veterinarian seen here, Dr. Gerry Harding,
has been stated by
author Crichton as the father of
Dr. Sarah Harding who appears in
The Lost World. Both novels
mention that the senior Dr. Harding was a vet specializing in
birds at the
San Diego Zoo.
It's appropriate that he specialized in birds, seeing as how
birds are now believed to be descended from dinosaurs.
Notice that at 53:30 on the DVD, Dr. Grant appears to have
stepped in some dino dung!
At 53:33 on the DVD, Nedry has a Jurassic Park mug and what
appears to be a wind-up dinosaur toy on top of one of his
monitors. We also see two cans of
Cola; Jolt is a high-caffeine energy drink.
At 54:17 on the DVD, Nedry is supposedly looking at live
video of the ship's first mate as the two converse over the
phone. But the progress bar at the bottom of the video
window suggests it is a prerecorded file!
As Nedry steals the dinosaur embryos, we see him take
Proceratosaurus, Gallimimus, Tyrannosaurus
rex (misspelled as Tyranosaurus), Velociraptor, Stegosaurus
(misspelled as Stegasaurus),
Metriacanthosaurus, Triceratops and one of
which we never see the label. We know there are quite a few
other species of dinosaurs on the island, so where are the
embryos? There are most likely other embryo cold-storage
units but Nedry does not have time to collect, nor storage space for,
them all. Also Dodgson tells Nedry to get all 15 species off
the island, but the Barbasol cold-storage can looks like it
could only hold 10-12 vials! And why the misspellings?! I
guess even scientists (and prop masters) can't get those names right.
At 58:55 on the DVD, Nedry appears to have a photo of a
donut taped to his work terminal! At 58:59 we see a photo of
J. Robert Oppenheimer, the head of the Manhattan Project and
so-called father of the atomic bomb.
At 59:55 on the DVD, the commands typed by Arnold into the
computer don't quite match what he is muttering as he does
so. He says, "Access main program. Access main security.
Access main program grid."
Grant seemingly fills up a plastic canteen with rain water
by holding it outside the door in the rain. But with the
mouth of the container being so narrow, it would take hours for
it to fill to a level where he could get a decent swig out
When the bloody goat leg suddenly lands on the sunroof of
the dead vehicle, Gennaro looks even more scared than Lex!
What is Nedry's little cartoon version of himself supposed
to be at 1:00:03? It almost looks like a cartoonish drawing
of Princess Leia with Nedry's head.
When Gennaro runs in fright from his vehicle to the
restroom, Grant and Malcolm wonder what he's doing and
Malcolm presumes, "When you gotta go, you gotta go." This also
mirrors the earlier statement of the first mate of the ship
about to carry the park's employees back to Costa Rica when
he says, "The captain says we gotta go, we gotta go."
And why is there a public restroom in the middle of an
automated tour? To borrow Malcolm's Disneyland
comparison, you can't hop out of the boat in the middle of
the Pirates of the Caribbean ride to use the restroom!
When Gennaro flees the vehicle, he leaves the driver's side
door open. But it is later seen variously open and closed
from 1:03:21 till 1:04:58 when Tim closes it.
In my study of the
Land of the Lost (1990s) episode
"Tasha", I commented that the T. rex in the
1970s version of Land of the Lost (Grumpy) has a
much more impressive roar than the one in the 90s version
(Scarface). The JP T. rex has them both beat!
rex. (It's also better than the
LOTL movie Grumpy.)
At 1:07:27 on the DVD, as Gennaro hides in the restroom and
the T. rex approaches, we can just make out that he is
muttering the Hail Mary prayer.
It is very difficult to see without DVD freeze frame, but at
1:07:32, the form of Ian Malcolm can be seen as his body is
pushed through the restroom wall by the head of the T. rex!
When the rex plucks Gennaro off the toilet, the toilet tips
over backward as if there were no bolts or pipes at all to
hold it down!
Why is there suddenly a cliff on the other side of the
T. rex fence starting at 1:09:01? Is was solid ground
before when the rex was still penned behind it!
Ray Arnold finds that Nedry has written a program called
White Rabbit that has disrupted the Jurassic Park systems so
he can carry out his secret plan. "White Rabbit" is a
reference to the character in Lewis Carroll's 1865 novel
Alice's Adventures in Wonderland.
When Dennis Nedry slips in the water after running his Jeep
off the road at 1:11:26 on the DVD, there is a cartoonish
prat-fall musical note in the soundtrack! Listen:
Possibly the sound could be dismissed as the chirp of a
The dilophosaurs encountered by Nedry are smaller than the
known size of adults in the fossil record, but perhaps these
in the film are juveniles.
When the dilophosaurs display their neck fringe, they seem
to make a rattlesnake-like rattling sound. Whether the sound
comes from the quivering fringe or the creature's vocal
apparatus is not clear. Listen:
Dilophosaur rattle (The "Making of Jurassic Park" extra
on the DVD confirms that a rattlesnake was one of the sounds
used for the dilophosaurs.)
After Nedry is taken out by the Dilophosaurus, the dropped
Barbasol can of stored dino embryos is shown at the bottom
of the hill, getting covered with the flowing mud from the storm
run-off. Some viewers took this as a set-up for someone to
discover it in a sequel and launch a new series of dino-problems.
But I think Spielberg included the shot more as a way to
show that the embryos have been disposed of and have not
made it to the mainland; after all, the embryos require cold
storage and the can would not be able to maintain that for
very long at all (in the novel, Dodgson says the coolant in
the can will last only 36 hours).
The Barbasol can does return, however, in
Jurassic Park: The Game,
which takes place during and shortly after the events of
Both the film and novel mention that the dinosaurs have been
genetically engineered to be unable to produce the amino acid
lysine. Lysine is an essential amino acid for all animals.
The strange thing about Crichton's use of it in the story
though, is that members of the animal kingdom are naturally incapable
of producing lysine in the first place! All animals must
obtain it from food sources. Did Crichton intend to
suggest that dinosaurs are so different from existing
animals that they normally were capable of
producing it themselves? Although that still doesn't explain
why preventing the dinosaurs' cells from making their own
lysine would be helpful when the amino acid is fairly easy
to obtain from natural food sources in the wild like other
animals do. (This does at least explain how the dinosaurs
have been able to survive unsupervised in all the various JP
spin-off stories to follow.)
As Grant climbs the tree to rescue Tim, what sounds like
various dinosaur roars and calls can be occasionally heard
in the distance.
As he's climbing up, Grant is muttering to himself that he
hates trees and hates climbing! Shortly, as he is trying to
calm Tim for the climb down, he tells the boy that the thing
about climbing is "you never, never look down," at which
point Grant himself looks down and gets a shocked, nervous
look on his face!
I never noticed before even though Ellie says it when she
discovers him, that Malcolm put a tourniquet (his belt) on
his own bleeding leg after being left behind by the T.
rex. This can be seen at 1:19:08 on the DVD.
Is it just me or is Ellie screaming "Shit!" over and over as
the T. rex chases the Jeep at 1:20:53 on the DVD?
At 1:20:57 on the DVD, it's a great joke that the Jeep's
side view mirror has "OBJECTS IN MIRROR ARE LARGER THAN THEY
APPEAR" printed on it...but it's on the driver's side! The
driver's side mirror always has a 1:1 ratio of reflection by
distance, it's the passenger side mirror that is sometimes
distorted to show more width of field.
At 1:24:58 on the DVD, we see a book
on the gift store shelf at the park.
It is The Making of Jurassic Park
by Don Shay and June Duncan, presumably about the building of the
park (although since the park is not yet complete it seems a bit
premature!). But these are also the title and
authors of a real book about the
making of the film!
The book in the movie
The real book
Hammond tells Ellie that the first attraction he built after
he came to the States from Scotland was a flea circus called
Petticoat Lane, presumably named after the Petticoat Lane
Market which has existed in eastern London, England for a
couple of centuries. A flea circus is a miniature sideshow
in which "trained" fleas pull wagons and perform other
stunts. Some, like the one Hammond describes, did not
actually use fleas, just mechanical and electronic methods
of moving the props so that it appeared that small fleas
were doing the work.
We're not supposed to notice it, but at 1:28:26 on the DVD,
there is netting visible in the background in the upper left
of the shot. The netting must have had plastic leaves and
branches hanging on it to make the set look like an actual
At 1:31:36 on the DVD, Mr. Arnold appears to be wearing pink
In the book The Making of Jurassic Park, dinosaur
animation supervisor Phil Tippett points out that, in the
Gallimimus herd sequence, the parent dinosaurs keep
the little ones in the middle of the group for protection.
When the Gallimimus herd stampedes towards Grant
and the kids, Lex's question of whether they are "meatasauruses"
goes unanswered. The truth is that
Gallimimus was probably an omnivore, eating both
plant material and small animals.
As the T. rex makes a meal out of one of the
Gallimimus', another Gallimimus in the
background seems to stop and watch the carnage as the rest
continue to flee. Was it the mate or parent of the one that was
Hammond defends the current problems in Jurassic Park by
commenting that when Disnyeland opened in 1956, nothing
worked. Disneyland actually opened in 1955, not '56.
When Muldoon tells Ellie to run to the shed while he moves to
take down the raptor, as she starts to run it sounds like
there may be a couple of raptor screeches in the background,
perhaps the raptors signaling to each other that one of the
humans is making a break for it? It's a bit hard to make out
over the action-packed musical score, but listen for the
screeches at about the 3-second mark and 8.5-second mark in
the following wave file:
The Velociraptors seen in the film are larger than the real
ones were. Actual Velociraptors stood only a few feet high.
The raptors in the film are closer to being Deinonychus,
a related species. In "Jurassic
Time", Hammond remarks that they never did figure out
why the raptors grew so large.
|When freeze-framing the raptor's attack on Muldoon, it
appears she has her mouth open so wide as to engulf
Muldoon's head. And one of the hind feet appears to be on his
stomach. So it seems highly unlikely that Muldoon could have
survived the attack (despite what later issues of the Topps
JP comic book say!).
It also sounds like you can hear Muldoon
It's odd that Ellie, nor anyone else, ever wonders what
became of Muldoon. No one was around to witness his death
and you'd think Ellie at least would have been looking for
him after escaping the power bunker.
At 1:48:42 on the DVD, a crewmember's hand can be seen
reaching out and steadying the raptor as it pushed the
kitchen door open and peers inside!
At 1:49:56 on the DVD, it can be clearly seen that the
raptors' sickle-claw is on the inside toe of each foot. But
earlier, at the Montana dig site, Grant said it was on the
middle toe; he is correct, the fossil record shows
Velociraptor had its sickle-claw on the middle toe.
When Tim and Lex are hiding in the kitchen from the raptors
and the ladle falls loose from its hook, giving away their
location at 1:50:25 on the DVD, if you look closely you can
see the hook twist on its own to make the ladle fall.
Obviously it was rigged so that a crewmember could twist it
from off camera at the right moment.
Lex comments that she recognizes the computer system she sits
down at as a Unix system. Unix is a real world operating
system developed in the late 1960s and continuously modified
to newer versions and is still in use today.
At 1:55:03 on the DVD, the raptor which has broken into the
Control Room looks up to the ceiling through which our
heroes have gained escape. For some reason, an image of a
long string of amino acid sequences is seen projected on the
raptor. Presumably one of the Control Room projectors is
projecting the image on a screen after the power reboot and
the raptor is standing in the path of the beam.
When the fossil dinosaur rib cage breaks from its mountings
and falls over Tim, he is saved by being right in the hollow
area of the rib cage as it lands. This is similar to when he
and Dr. Grant were saved from the tour vehicle falling from
the tree by the open storage area of the vehicle earlier in
Earlier in the film, Muldoon indicated that the park had
started out with 8 raptors, but the big one killed all but
two of the others, leaving 3 total. Now, at this point in
the film, one has been locked in the power bunker and one in
the kitchen's walk-in freezer, leaving just one free raptor.
Yet, two raptors show up for the climax with the T. rex.
However, it does seem possible that the one that was locked
in the bunker was able to open the door, as we saw one of the
others do in the kitchen, and escape. (Given the pin lock on
the freezer door, it seems unlikely that that one could have
escaped, even with the outside help of another raptor.)
As the two raptors move in to attack Grant, Ellie, Tim and
Lex, the T. rex suddenly drops in to save the day.
Some viewers have wondered how the rex could get inside the
Visitor Center building. But at 1:57:05 on the DVD, it
appears that one wall of the center is still open, covered
only with a plastic tarp (though it does seem odd that the
building seems to be nearly finished except for a large segment of
Just a few seconds after the scene described above, the
shadow of the T. rex can be seen falling over the
raptor just before the attack.
And just another couple seconds
after that (1:57:10 to be precise),
as the rex is shaking the raptor
back-and-forth in its jaws, the
raptor disappears for a split
second! You have to use freeze frame
and move frame-by-frame to see it.
|T. rex with
At 1:57:45 on the DVD, blood can be seen on the mouth of the
T. rex from the raptor he chomped down on just a
few seconds earlier.
As the T. rex stands triumphant in the rotunda of
the visitor center, a banner falls from the ceiling which
reads "When Dinosaurs Ruled the Earth". This may be a
reference to the 1971 Hammer film of that name.
As the human survivors escape the island in a helicopter,
they watch a flock of birds fly out over the ocean. Possibly
this is a symbolic representation of Grant's own theory
many dinosaurs evolved into birds.
(Be sure to check out the
Flubs of Jurassic Park web page, where Wesley
Treat has listed even more interesting tidbits from the
Notes from the Making of Jurassic Park (DVD extra)
Steven Spielberg reveals that the dinosaurs in the film were
originally going to be produced through Phil Tippet's go-motion
model studios, but when Industrial Light and Magic brought back a
fabulous test run of CGI dinosaurs, Tippet immediately said, "I
think I'm extinct." Fortunately, Tippet's expertise with animating
the motions of animals allowed him to slide into place as the
dinosaur supervisor to ILM's CGI team. In addition, Tippet's comment
about extinction was split into two lines for Alan Grant and Ian
Malcolm when Grant sees the genetically recreated dinosaurs at the
park and says to Ellie, "We're out of a job," and Malcolm interjects,
"Don't you mean extinct?"
Notes from "Early Pre-Production Meetings" (DVD extra)
When the lead raptor is seen walking down the kitchen aisle
searching for Tim and Lex, her sickle claw is seen tapping up and
down on the floor a couple of times. Spielberg wanted it to seem as
if the raptors might also communicate through a tap-code with their claws.
Notes from the Production Storyboards (DVD extra)
The storyboards depict the original ending confrontation between the
humans and raptors. One of the raptors falls into the open jaws of
the T. rex skeleton in the rotunda, which falls down, the weight of
the skull crushing the raptor bloodily in its jaws. The second
raptor is shot by Hammond as he arrives to drive the survivors to
the helipad. Spielberg thought up the rescue by the living T. rex at
the last minute, deciding that the audience would want to see the
king of the dinosaurs one more time and, what's more, defeating the
Maps of Isla Nublar
(from the Making of Jurassic Park book by Don Shay
and Jody Duncan, 1993 and Jurassic
Park Official Souvenir Magazine published by
Different versions of the map of
Isla Nublar and the park are found
in various source materials.
Map of Isla
The Making of
(this is not quite the same
seen in the film
road signs and computer screens)
Map of Isla
Official Souvenir Magazine
(this is not quite the same
island outline seen in the film
road signs and computer screens)
Image of Isla
Nublar as seen on a computer screen
as the storm approaches at 52:14 on
Map of Isla
Notes from The Making of Jurassic Park book by Don
Shay and Jody Duncan, 1993
The film's production designer remarks, in regards to a
theme park filled with living dinosaurs, "What people would
go to see in Jurassic Park would be the dinosaurs in their
natural habitat, not a lot of man-made stuff. For the first
ten years, at least, it would probably be taken very
seriously--until somebody started making sideshow freaks out
of the dinosaurs." This sounds like a harbinger of some of
the ideas said to be present in the script of the latest JP
film, Jurassic World, currently in production for a summer
Notes from the
Jurassic Park novel by Michael Crichton
(The page numbers come from the First U.S.
Ballantine Books paperback edition, published December 1991)
The novel has an introduction called "The InGen Incident", a
semi-fictional account of biotechnology advances which led
to InGen's disastrous turns on Isla Nublar. These
introductory pages are numbered ix-xii.
Page x mentions Genentech and its founders Robert
Swanson and Dr. Herbert Boyer. This is a real company founded by
these two men in 1976.
Page xi reveals that InGen is a portmanteau of
International Genetic Technologies, Inc.
Page 1 mentions the fishing village Bahia Anasco,
Costa Rica. This appears to be a fictional village.
Page 1 also mentions Michael Reese Hospital in
Chicago. This was a real hospital at the time but was closed and
demolished in 2009.
Page 2 reveals that while the park is being
constructed on Isla Nublar, a cover story is being used that it is a
new resort under construction.
Page 2 mentions an InGen Sikorsky helicopter.
This is a reference to the
helicopters built by the
Page 2 also mentions San Jose. This is the
capital city of Costa Rica.
Page 5 mentions the Spanish word hupia,
described as "night ghosts, faceless vampires who kidnapped small
children". This is a real term and belief in the native Taino
cultures of the Caribbean.
Page 11 mentions the Cabo Blanco Biological
Reserve. This is presumably a reference to the real world
Cabo Blanco Absolute Natural Reserve.
Pages 12-15 depict a scene in which a father,
mother and their young daughter visit a pristine Central American beach
and the girl is attacked by what seem to be small
Procompsognathus dinosaurs. Although the scene does not appear
in the movie Jurassic Park, it was borrowed for the first film
sequel The Lost World.
Page 16 mentions the Reserva Biológica de Carara.
This is a real biological reserve in Costa Rica.
Page 18 mentions a village in Costa Rica called
Amaloya. This is a fictional village.
Page 18 also mentions the Clinica Santa Maria.
This is an actual medical laboratory in Chile.
Page 20 mentions an American computer database
called the International Biosciences Services. This is fictional.
Page 21 mentions the towns of Vasquez and Puerta
Sotrero, Costa Rica. These appear to be fictitious.
Page 21 also mentions CSE, central saurian
encephalitis. I have been unable to find any evidence of this as a
real world affliction.
Page 22 mentions zoologist Dr. Edward H. Simpson
at Columbia University, New York. Though
Columbia University is real, there does not appear to have ever been
a zoologist by the name of Dr. Edward H. Simpson there. There is a statistician by the name of Edward H. Simpson in Great
Britain who may have been an inspiration for the character of Dr.
Ian Malcolm. (However, in the Acknowledgements of the novel, Crichton
credits scientist Heinz Pagels' work in chaos theory as the
inspiration for Dr. Malcolm.)
Page 23 mentions the Tropical Diseases Laboratory
of Columbia University. As far as I know, this particular laboratory
has never existed at Columbia.
Page 24 mentions several diseases spread by a
mosquito vector. These are all real diseases.
Page 26 reveals that Procompsognathus
has a venom similar to that of a cobra.
Page 33 mentions the Blackfoot and Sioux Native
American tribes. These are real tribes in the state of Montana (and
elsewhere in North America).
Page 34 reveals that Dr. Grant is a professor of
paleontology at the
University of Denver.
Page 35 mentions paleontologists Bob Kerry and
John Weller. These are fictional people as far as
paleontologists go, but both names belonged to men who were senators
and governors from U.S. states. Perhaps author Crichton had some
kind of attachment to them?
Page 36 reveals that Isla Nublar (Cloud Island)
is so named because it is almost perpetually covered in fog due to
combinations of wind and current. Page 77 also attributes the fog
partially to the island's volcanic origins, with steam vents still
found in many places. The idea of a fog-shrouded island was probably
borrowed by Crichton from the 1933 film King Kong.
Page 36 also reveals that InGen headquarters is
on Farallon Road, Palo Alto, CA. Although Palo Alto is a real city
in California (near San Francisco), there is no Farallon Road there.
On page 39, the Office of Technology Transfer is
suspicious of InGen's activities in Central America. The
OTT is an
actual U.S. government organization.
Page 39 mentions Cray computers (revealed to be
Cray XMPs on page 66) and Hood
sequencers. Cray is a maker of supercomputers in the U.S., the XMP
their fastest model from 1982-1985. Hood
sequencers appear to be a fictitious method of working out genetic
code with machines.
Page 40 mentions a rival corporation of InGen's,
Biosyn. Although there is a real company using the portmanteau of
Biosyn (Bio-Synthesis, Inc.), it does not appear to be related to
the Biosyn presented in the JP universe.
Page 40 reveals that Lewis Dodgson (Dennis
Nedry's contact for selling the InGen embryos) was involved in
Biosyn's immoral test of a rabies vaccine on unsuspecting peasant
farmers in Chile.
On page 41, Dr. Grant says that a company called
Medical Biologic Services in Salt Lake City, Utah provides his
research dig with genetic identifications of dinosaurs from bone
Medical Biologic Services appears to be a fictional business.
On pages 44-45, Grant talks about the living
fossils of the coelacanth, Australian mountain pygmy possum, and a
New Guinea fruit bat. These are all true stories of prehistoric
species that were believed to be extinct until discovered living in
the 20th century.
Page 48 mentions the city of Choteau, Montana.
This is a real city in central Montana.
On page 49, Gennaro's law firm of Cowan, Swain
and Ross decides that an expert inspection of Hammond's island is
due because of the reports of unusual lizards on the mainland
Page 51 reveals that Dr. Ian Malcolm is a
mathematician at the
University of Texas in Austin.
Page 53 reveals that Dennis Nedry is a project
supervisor from Integrated Computer Systems, Inc. in Cambridge,
Massachusetts. There is an indirect reference to this in the film
version when, after Nedry's program shuts down the park's security
systems and he disappears, Hammond tells Ray Arnold to call Nedry's
people in Cambridge.
Grant receives a packet of information from
Hammond to prepare he and Ellie for their weekend trip to help
inspect the park. At this point they still don't know exactly what
the park is. Looking at a topographical map included in the packet,
he sees the island marked off with locations of buildings and large,
fenced-in areas marked by notes: /P/PROC/V/2A, /D/TRIC/L/5(4A+1),
/LN/OTHN/C/4(3A+1), VV/HADR/X/11(6A+3+3DB). See page 54 in the novel. I'm not
sure what all those notations mean, but some must be abbreviations
of the dinosaur species present in a particular area: PROC=Procompsognathus,
TRIC=Triceratops, OTHN=Othnielosaurus and HADR=Hadrosaurus.
Possibly the number-letter combinations at the end signify the
number of adults + juveniles, with the 3DB in the Hadrosaurus
equation representing "3 due birth". (Page 107 later
confirms part of my assumptions, saying TRIC=Triceratops
Page 55 mentions that the technique being used at
the Snakewater dig site to reveal images of fossils underground is
called CAST, computer-assisted sonic tomography. This appears to be
a fictional process made up by Crichton for the novel.
Hammond flies to Choteau, MT to pick up Grant and
Ellie in a Gulfstream II jet. This is a real twin engine business
jet built by Gulfstream Aerospace.
Page 59 reveals that Hammond used to bring a
caged miniature elephant, 9 inches high and a foot long, bred by his
business partner, Stanford geneticist Norman Atherton, in order to
impress investors into putting money into the formation of InGen.
Page 60 reveals that John Hammond's middle name
is Alfred. This conflicts with "Jurassic
Time" in which Hammond himself (Richard
Attenborough) states his middle name as Parker. The Parker
name is also found in the script of
novel is set within its own JP universe, I think we have to give the
weight of authority to
Richard Attenborough's performance as John Hammond in the JP
movie universe and conclude his middle is Parker.
On page 61, Hammond comments how he wants to go
beyond the animatronic environments that many amusement parks have.
He mentions "the haunted house" and "the pirate den" (veiled
references to Disneyland), the wild west (possibly a reference to
Crichton's earlier script and film Westworld), and "the
earthquake" (a reference to the Universal Studios attraction based
on the film Earthquake).
Page 65 reveals that Dodgson was dismissed from
Johns Hopkins as a graduate student "for planning gene therapy on
human patients without obtaining the proper FDA protocols".
John Hopkins University in Baltimore, Maryland is one of the
world's leading medical schools.
Page 66 mentions that Hammond has donated to the
New York Zoological Society. This is a real organization (currently
known as the Wildlife Conservation Society) founded in 1895 and
based out of the Bronx Zoo.
Page 66 also mentions Hammond giving to the
Ranthapur Wildlife Park in India. This park appears to be
Page 68 mentions the Supreme Court ruling in 1987
that allows genetically engineered animals to be patented. This is
Page 69 describes bioengineered DNA being the
most valuable material in the world, weight for weight, and mentions
a few examples of such. All the mentioned examples are real world
examples of bioengineered DNA, including the science-fictional
sounding ice-minus bacteria.
Page 70 describes Dodgson meeting with Nedry
Carlos and Charlie's Restaurant in Silicon Valley. There
has been a real restaurant chain by that name since 1963 (mostly in
Mexico) but I have found no evidence of one in Silicon Valley.
In the JP film, Dodgson gives Nedry a
refrigerated container disguised as a can of Barbasol shaving cream
for smuggling out the frozen embryos. In the novel, the can is
disguised as Gillette Foamy.
In the JP film, Hammond describes Malcolm as
suffering from a "deplorable excess of personality". In the novel
the description is given to chaoticians in general by a senior
Page 78 describes the high, forested parts of the
island as looking similar to the Olympic Peninsula of the Pacific
Northwest. The peninsula is located on the west coast of the United
States in the state of Washington.
Page 78 introduces the character of Ed Regis, an
InGen publicist. Possibly this character was named after the
American science writer of the same name.
On page 79, Grant and the others watch as the
heads of several apatosaurs rise from the forest tree-tops to look
at them. This is similar to the scene that occurs at a later point
in the movie when Grant, Tim, and Lex watch a number or Brachiosaurs
raise their heads through the jungle canopy.
Page 80 mentions that fossils of Apatosaurus
(previously known as Brontosaurus) were first discovered by
E.D. Cope in 1876. This is true. Cope was an American paleontologist
in the late 19th century.
Page 80 also mentions paleontologists Berman and
McIntosh. This is a reference to D.S. Berman and J.S. McIntosh, who
wrote a paper in 1975 identifying Cope's original Brontosaurus
skull as actually that of Diplodocus.
Page 83 mentions Yale paleontologists John Ostrom
and Robert Bakker as the lead proponents of dinosaurs being
warm-blooded. This is true. Young Tim even mentions Bakker to Grant
before their ride into the park. And in the JP sequel film of
World, the character of Robert Burke is based on Robert Bakker.
Oddly, yet another Bakker clone (figuratively speaking) shows up in
the JP comic book mini-series
Hammond's guests on the island stay at the
not-quite-completed resort hotel called Safari Lodge. The television
in Grant's room has a card on top describing the channels, all
relating to areas of the park: Channel 2: Hypsilophodont Highlands,
Channel 3: Triceratops Territory, Channel 4: Sauropod Swamp, Channel
5: Carnivore Country, Channel 6: Stegosaurus South, Channel 7:
Velociraptor Valley, Channel 8: Pterosaur Peak.
Page 88 mentions the lizard attacks in Costa
Rica, ranging from Ismaloya to Puntarenas. Ismaloya appears to be a
fictional town but Puntarenas is an actual city.
On page 91, Malcolm mentions the Aswan Dam, which
he seems to consider a fiasco. The Aswan Dam is a real series of
dams in Aswan, Egypt, designed to control the flow of the Nile
River. It is true that the damming of the Nile has caused a number
of problems for the region and its culture in addition to the
On page 92, Tim and Lex's ages seem to be the
reverse of those in the film, with Tim being the older (about 11)
and Lex younger (7 or 8).
Page 93 reveals that Grant's book is called
Lost World of the Dinosaurs and that the illustrations in it
were done by Grant himself.
In the film, Grant is uncomfortable around
children but in the novel he seems quite comfortable with them.
On page 97, the laboratory is labeled with a sign
of CAUTION, TERATOGENIC SUBSTANCES, PREGNANT WOMEN AVOID EXPOSURE TO
THIS AREA. Teratogenic substances are those that are known to cause
On page 99, Dr. Wu mentions that some DNA can be
obtained from the Loy antibody extraction technique directly from
fossilized bones. As far as I can tell this technique is a
fictional one invented by Crichton for the novel.
Page 103 describes Nedry's visit to a friend
working for Symbolics in Cambridge. This is a real computer company.
Page 104 mentions the
Human Genome Project. This
project, to map all the genes of the human genome, started in the
United States in 1990 and was more-or-less completed in 2003.
On page 105, Dr. Wu mentions using some deadly
poisons to interrupt the cellular mitosis at precise instances,
citing helotoxins, colchicinoids, and beta-alkaloids. These are
actual chemical compound types.
Page 108 suggests that baby raptors do not yet
On page 108, Dr. Wu says that to prevent breeding
by the dinosaurs, not only are all of them engineered as females,
the gonads are destroyed with x-rays.
Page 112 reveals that the compys are allowed to
more-or-less roam the entire park because they act as waste disposal,
eating the droppings left by herbivorous dinosaurs.
Page 118 compares the raptors to the secretary
bird and the cassowary. These are modern day large birds, the
secretary bird a bird of prey in Africa and the cassowary an
omnivore in New Guinea.
Page 123 reveals that Muldoon wanted to get LAW
(Light Anti-Armor Weapon) missiles to use against the large
dinosaurs in the event of a disaster.
On page 135 Richard Kiley's tour narration
mentions several plant genera which all existed during the times of
the dinosaurs and which Jurassic Park has cloned along with their
dinosaurs: cycads, bennettitaleans and ginkgoes. Some species of
cycads still exist today and one species of ginkgoes still exists.
Bennettitaleans are completely extinct.
Page 138 goes into a bit of Arnold's history. He
was a systems engineer on the U.S. Polaris missile and left the
defense industry to work as an engineer at various theme parks like
Disney World in Orlando, FL, Magic Mountain in CA, Old Country, VA
and Astroworld in Houston, TX. These are all real theme parks,
though Astroworld was closed in 2005 and demolished in 2006.
In the novel, Mr. Arnold's first name is John. In
the movie it is Ray.
Page 142 reveals that the dilophosaur venom is a
hematotoxin. Hematotoxins destroy red blood
cells and cause general tissue damage.
Page 143 reveals that the JP restaurant is called
Les Gigantes. Chef Alain Richard comes from the famous Le
Beaumaniere in France.
Le Beaumaniere appears to be a fictional restaurant. Chef Alain
Richard is also fictional, though it is the name of a French
politician who went on to become the French Minister of Defense from 1997-2002.
Page 145 gives some background on Muldoon, his
early renown as a big game hunter and later work as a wildlife
advisor to wildlife parks and conservation groups. He and his work
designing zoos is compared to renowned golf course designer Robert
Trent Jones. Jones was a real world golf course architect who died
Page 146 mentions TigerWorld in Kashmir. This
appears to be a fictional wildlife park.
Page 147 reveals that the raptors are at least as
intelligent as chimpanzees. In the real world, raptors are believed
to have been only about as intelligent as a housecat.
On page 151, Muldoon loads a Randler Shoulder
Launcher into a Jeep in preparation for trouble with the dinosaurs.
This seems to be a fictional device which Muldoon later uses to fire
small tranquilizer missiles at the T. rex.
In the novel our heroes encounter a sick
Stegosaurus on their park tour (instead of a sick
Triceratops as seen in the movie).
On page 156, the tomboyish Lex asks if anyone
wants to play a game of pickle. Pickle is sort of a cross between
baseball and tennis.
On page 158, in explaining chaos theory, Malcolm
mentions a few real world scientists and their theories:
Heisenberg's principle: Better known
as Heisenberg's Uncertainty
Principle, it states that in quantum
mechanics certain pairs of
properties can not be known
simultaneously with precision. For
example, with an electron you could
measure it's precise velocity or
position but not both at the same
time. It is part of the nature of
John von Neumann: as Malcolm states,
von Neumann was interested in the
possibility of computers, analyzing
vast amounts of data, being able to
accurately predict meteorological
On page 165, Malcolm and Wu discuss the Poisson
distribution of animals on the island. Poisson distribution is a
type of probability estimation introduced by Simeon-Denis Poisson in
On page 170 Malcolm discusses Mandelbrot's scales
of sameness. Benoit Mandelbrot, the father of fractal geometry,
discovered that objects (and even series of events) look the same at
different scales, just as Malcolm describes. The illustrations that
appear in the novel as Iterations 1-7 are an example of a Mandelbrot
set of sameness at an increasing scale.
Page 175 describes Nedry's feeling that he was
blackmailed by Hammond into working free overtime to make extensive
modifications to the system he built. Lawsuits had been threatened
between InGen and Nedry's company and letters to other clients
threatened to be sent which would imply that Nedry was unreliable.
This justifies in Nedry's mind the deal he strikes with Dodgson and
the theft of the embryos.
In addition to the previously mentioned
Genentech, Hammond brings up Cetus on page 200 as another early
biotechnology company. Cetus was a real company founded in 1971
which merged with Chiron Corporation.
On page 201, Hammond says that Jurassic Park
Europe will be in the Azores and Jurassic Park Japan on an island
near Guam. The Azores are a Portuguese archipelago in the Atlantic
Ocean. Guam is an island in the Pacific Ocean region of Micronesia.
On page 202, Dr. Harding reveals that park
personnel have discovered that the dinosaurs' visual acuity is based
on movement, like amphibians. This is a bit more robust explanation
than what is given in the movie, where Dr. Grant tells us that the
tyrannosaur's vision is based on movement but he never tells the
audience how he knows this. I remember being surprised by his
statement when I first saw the film and tried to look it up in books
(and later on the internet) and never could find confirmation or
paleontological evidence for it! (On page
261, Grant makes the realization himself of the dinosaurs' visual
acuity being based on movement during his and the kids' encounter
with the Maiasaurs. However, in The Lost World
novel, Crichton takes this all back, even having one of his new
characters call the
In the movie, the lawyer, Gennaro, is the one who
talks about how high a price they can charge for entrance to the
park and Hammond says the park wasn't built to cater only to the
super-rich. But in the novel, it is Hammond who is interested in
making as much money as possible and not being concerned about the
non-wealthy being able to see the animals.
On page 217, the juvenile T. rex seems
to play (terrifyingly) with Ed Regis in the way that the papa T.
rex does with Ludlow in the movie version of the JP sequel
The Lost World.
On page 223, Muldoon mentions the scenes of
animal attacks he had observed in Africa at Amboseli and Meru. Amboseli
is a reference to Amboseli National Park and Meru is a city. Both
are located in Kenya.
Page 235 reveals that Grant was once married but
his wife died in an unrevealed manner. Also, in the novel, he is not
dating Ellie; she is merely his student and she is engaged to a
doctor in Chicago. Possibly the doctor in Chicago was Crichton's
subtle way of inserting himself into the novel; he was an M.D.,
originally from Chicago.
On page 245, Arnold delivers the chaos theory
example of a drop of water falling down the side of a person's hand
to Gennaro. This example is delivered by Malcolm to Ellie in the
On page 254, a giant dragonfly with a six-foot
wingspan lands on Tim's arm. Grant explains that the Jurassic was a
time of huge insects. So, InGen has apparently also cloned extinct
insects. But with flying creatures such as the dragonfly, without
the benefit of an enclosure, wouldn't there be concern about them
being able to escape the island and making a life on the mainland?
In the novel, it is a herd of hadrosaurs that is
attacked by the T. rex, as depicted on pages 256-259,
instead of the Gallimimus herd seen in the film.
On page 260, it is a maiasaur that greets Grant
and the kids as they wake up in the treetop in the morning. In the
film it was a brachiosaur.
Page 260 also mentions that Grant, along with
John Horner, was the first to describe a Maiasaur paleontologically.
As mentioned previously, John Horner was one of the inspirations for
the character of Dr. Grant. In the real world, Horner and fellow
paleontologist Robert Makela were the ones to describe a Maiasaur
On page 266, the T. rex is described as
scratching behind its ear with its hind foot just like a dog!
On pages 266-268, the T. rex swims,
crocodile-like, after Grant and the kids as they flee down the river
on an inflatable raft. This was probably the inspiration for the
water chase scene in "No Wimp's Land" in
Return to Jurassic Park #3 and a similar one with the Spinosaurus in
Speaking of the river scene, I wonder if Crichton
himself was inspired by the opening credits of
Land of the Lost in
which Rick Marshall and his kids Will and Holly make their way down
a river on an inflatable raft. Here, father-figure Dr. Alan Grant
and the brother and sister, Tim and Lex, do the same.
On page 278, Grant and the kids enter the aviary
from the river. The aviary in
III was inspired by this brief scene here.
Arnold says the pterosaurs in the aviary are actually
Cearadactyls, missing the distinctive head crest of the more
popularly familiar Pteranodon.
On page 281,
when he sees the pterodactyl walk quadrupedally on its feet and folded wings,
Grant muses that Lederer was right. I have been unable to find a
real world reference to the name Lederer in connection with
pterodactyl walking. However, the quadrupedal walking of pterosaurs
is currently a generally accepted theory.
On page 289, Muldoon shows Gennaro a cylinder of
MORO-709, which he describes as a standard animal tranquilizer. The
large cylinders of the drug are used to tranquilize the large
dinosaurs such as Tyrannosaurus rex. I have not been able to
find a real world reference to the drug. The cylinders are stored in
a stainless steel Halliburton case. Halliburton, of course, is the
infamous oilfield and fuels corporation, once headed by former U.S.
Vice-President Dick Cheney.
On pages 294-298, Grant and the kids hide from the
T. rex in a cave behind a waterfall and the rex attempts to swipe them
out of the cave with her tongue, similar to the scene that later
appears in the JP movie sequel
The Lost World.
The novel makes a few references to Tican workers
on the island (e.g. page 309). I have been unable to find a real
world reference to Tican that seems to apply here. The closest I can
think of is that is a slang/abbreviated version of Costa Rican.
In the novel, Tim is the one who knows something
about computers (although he's not a hacker as Lex describes herself
in the film).
On page 395, the survivors of the incident on
Isla Nublar are rescued by military helicopters on the beach, in a
scene foreshadowing the rescue at the end of
III (although in this case it is the Costa
Rican military, not the U.S.).
As the humans flee Isla Nublar in the
helicopters, the military essentially napalms the entire island to
destroy all the prehistoric life left there. But unknown to them, it
is revealed on page 381 that Hammond still had some frozen embryos
stashed at InGen HQ in Palo Alto. Besides that, how to do you keep
InGen from using the cloning technology again?
Unlike the film version, Gennaro survives the
incident and Hammond and Malcolm both die.
Page 398 reveals that Hammond supported almost
exclusively digs that were in northern latitudes because intact
genetic material was more likely to be recovered in colder climates.
Page 399 reveals that some unknown animals have
been ravaging parts of the farmland in Costa Rica, eating plants
rich in lysine. This would indicate that perhaps some dinosaurs (besides just the compys) have somehow escaped to the mainland and are
eating the lysine-rich plants to gather the lysine their bodies need
which they can not produce on their own due to the genetic deficiency
placed in them by the JP scientists. (One of the lysine-rich plants
mentioned are agama beans; as far as I can tell there are no such
legumes by that name! There is a genus of small lizards called agama
and the Spanish translation of "agama" is "asexual". Either of these
contexts of the word might be applied in a vague way to the content
of the novel, but not to the context of a lysine-rich plant.)
Page 399 also suggests that, while Tim and Lex
will probably be sent back home to the States, the adults will be
kept in Costa Rica against their will for quite some time due to the
Costa Rican government's anger and suspicion about Hammond's
operation on Isla Nublar.
In the novel,
Grant concludes that the dinosaurs' penchant for moving and
arranging themselves on a NE/SW axis is due to an instinct to
migrate in those directions. But why do the dinosaurs want
to move NE/SW for migration? Modern birds, who seem to be
the descendants of dinosaurs, migrate N/S, as commonly
known. Does it have to do with some change in the Earth's
magnetic or polar alignment since the time of the dinosaurs?
Notes from the Jurassic Park comic book
Written by: Walt Simonson
Pencils by: Gil Kane
Inks by George Perez
Topps Comics published a 4-issue mini-series adapting the
movie in comic book format.
The cover of issue #1 features a scene that appears to be a
raptor leaping out of the jungle, about to land on Tim!
However, after reading the issue it's clear that the scene
is meant to represent Dr. Grant's scenario of a pack of
raptors attacking the young boy at the Montana dig site who
thinks the raptor fossil doesn't look very scary ("more like
a six-foot turkey"). The scenario is scary stuff, but amusingly the
boy's right foot appears to be stepping in a pile of dino
dung! Click on the image.
Instead of Muldoon directing the action in the opening
"caged raptor" scene, an unnamed man who looks a lot like
Dr. Malcolm is in charge!
At the Montana dig site, Grant and Ellie have discovered the
fossils of four raptors grouped together and Grant says the
taphonomy suggests they died together. Taphonomy is the
study of how fossils form from the remains, parts, or
products of living organisms. Nearby they also find the
dismembered bones of a Tenontosaurus which was
apparently a meal for the raptors.
Tenontosaurus was a primitive iguanodont.
On page 13, in the dig site's work trailer, there are
several large, transparent containers on a table in which
bones are seen to be soaking in some solution. Strangely,
one of the containers seems to hold a human skull!
After the Mr. DNA film, the "ride" continues. On
page 11, we see Grant, Eliie, Malcolm, and Gennaro sitting in
two rows of seats as the ride shifts to the Genetics and
Fertilization Lab, but then, on page 12, the four are
suddenly all sitting in a single row of chairs!
Instead of Richard Kiley narrating the tour through Jurassic
Park, in the comic book it is said to be James Earl Jones!
Lex is looking wistfully out the window of the
tour car, saying, "I think Mr. Grant is really...smart,"
lending credence to my theory that she has a crush on the
Issue #4: On page 3, panel 3, Arnold is sitting at
Nedry's computer, trying to restore the system. Notice the
gigantic keys on the keyboard. I guess its a special
ergonomic keyboard for pudgy-fingered people!
The Dilophosaurus appears only on page 5 and the
creature's twin crests are depicted as merely hollow golden
Although the novel gives Mr. Arnold's first name as John
(same as Hammond's), in the comic book he is referred to as
Ray (as in the movie).
Page 13, panel 2 depicts the raptor attack against Muldoon
and shows the raptor sinking its claws into his face in a
splatter of blood. This doesn't seem to support Topps' later
depiction of Muldoon having survived the encounter.
Page 20 depicts the scene from the movie of the raptor in the kitchen being
fooled by the reflection of Lex in the metal and knocking
itself out briefly. But for some reason, the reflective
surface shown in the comic appears to be a sheet of glass
hovering in mid-air at the end of the kitchen aisle!
Notes from the Jurassic Park collectible card set
Card #13 describes John Hammond as seventyish and "walks with a
slight limp and cane which might only be for show."
Card #14 describes Tim as 9 years old.
Card #15 describes Lex as 12 years old.
Card #66 states that the dinosaur skeleton that our heroes climb
onto after emerging from the air ducts near the end of the movie is
that of an alamosaur.
he's a digger.wav
we won't even have to dig anymore.wav
try to show a little respect.wav
what's so wrong with kids.wav
versions of adults.wav
got Dodgson here.wav
cheap on me.wav
a deplorable excess of personality.wav
concept of attraction.wav
in 48 hours.wav
he did it.wav
we're gonna make a fortune.wav
we have a
Welcome to Jurassic Park.wav
you mean extinct?.wav
pull up the dinosaurs skirts.wav
life finds a
they should all be destroyed.wav
the lack of humility before nature.wav
you're selling it.wav
the rape of the natural world.wav
I'm going to ride with Dr Sattler.wav
which car were you planning on?.wav
she said I should ride with you.wav
to your butts.wav
what've they got in there.wav
major theme park and major zoo.wav
they're approaching the tyrannosaur paddock.wav
inherits the Earth.wav
gonna eat the goat.wav
he wants to
really hate that man.wav
two no-shows and one sick Triceratops.wav
future ex-Mrs. Malcolm.wav
maybe it's the power trying to come back on.wav
when you gotta go, you gotta go.wav
do I hate being right.wav
guess we'll have to evolve.wav
life found a
how much blood.wav
the pirates don't eat the tourists.wav
sexism in survival situations.wav
unless they figured out how to open doors.wav
after careful consideration.wav
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